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L'incroyable Miss Pilkinson! Next page. Hopps claimed humans were not fallen but rising creatures and that after death they would evolve on a number of spheres of existence to perfection. Theosophy is in opposition to the spiritualist interpretation of evolution. Theosophy teaches a metaphysical theory of evolution mixed with human devolution. Spiritualists do not accept the devolution of the theosophists.
To theosophy humanity starts in a state of perfection see Golden age and falls into a process of progressive materialization devolution , developing the mind and losing the spiritual consciousness. After the gathering of experience and growth through repeated reincarnations humanity will regain the original spiritual state, which is now one of self-conscious perfection.
Theosophy and Spiritualism were both very popular metaphysical schools of thought especially in the early 20th century and thus were always clashing in their different beliefs. Madame Blavatsky was critical of Spiritualism; she distanced theosophy from Spiritualism as far as she could and allied herself with eastern occultism. The Spiritualist Gerald Massey claimed that Darwin 's theory of evolution was incomplete:.
The theory contains only one half the explanation of man's origins and needs spiritualism to carry it through and complete it. For while this ascent on the physical side has been progressing through myriads of ages, the Divine descent has also been going on—man being spiritually an incarnation from the Divine as well as a human development from the animal creation. The cause of the development is spiritual. Darwin's theory does not in the least militate against ours—we think it necessitates it; he simply does not deal with our side of the subject.
He can not go lower than the dust of the earth for the matter of life; and for us, the main interest of our origin must lie in the spiritual domain. Spiritualists believed that without Spiritualism "the doctrine of Darwin is a broken link".
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Gerald Massey said "Spiritualism will accept evolution, and carry it out and make both ends meet in the perfect circle". A famous medium who rejected evolution was Cora L. Scott ; she dismissed evolution in her lectures and instead supported a type of pantheistic Spiritualism.
Alfred Russel Wallace believed qualitative novelties could arise through the process of spiritual evolution, in particular the phenomena of life and mind. Wallace attributed these novelties to a supernatural agency. Wallace believed natural selection could not explain intelligence or morality in the human being so suggested that non-material spiritual forces accounted for these.
Wallace believed the spiritual nature of humanity could not have come about by natural selection alone, the origins of the spiritual nature must originate "in the unseen universe of spirit". Oliver Lodge also promoted a version of spiritual evolution in his books Man and the Universe , Making of Man and Evolution and Creation The spiritualist element in the synthesis was most prominent in Lodge's book Raymond, or Life and Death which revived a large interest for the public in the paranormal.
The first of these continued the tradition of individual practitioners, organised in circles centered on a medium and clients, without any hierarchy or dogma. Already by the late 19th century Spiritualism had become increasingly syncretic , a natural development in a movement without central authority or dogma.
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However, theosophy with its inclusion of Eastern religion, astrology, ritual magic and reincarnation is an example of a closer precursor of the 20th century new age movement. Some appropriate new age and neo-pagan beliefs, while others call themselves "Christian spiritualists", continuing with the tradition of cautiously incorporating spiritualist experiences into their Christian faith.
The second direction taken has been to adopt formal organization, patterned after Christian denominations, with established liturgies and a set of seven principles, and training requirements for mediums.
In the United States the spiritualist churches are primarily affiliated either with the National Spiritualist Association of Churches or the loosely allied group of denominations known as the spiritual church movement; in the U. Formal education in spiritualist practice emerged in s, with organizations like the William T. Diversity of belief among organized Spiritualists has led to a few schisms, the most notable occurring in the U.
In the United States, this distinction can be seen between the less Christian organization, the National Spiritualist Association of Churches, and the more Christian spiritual church movement. The practice of organized Spiritualism today resembles that of any other religion, having discarded most showmanship, particularly those elements resembling the conjurer's art. There is thus a much greater emphasis on "mental" mediumship and an almost complete avoidance of the apparently miraculous "materializing" mediumship that so fascinated early believers such as Arthur Conan Doyle.
In , Conan Doyle gave a farewell to Australia speech there. Already as early as , with the founding of the Society for Psychical Research SPR , parapsychologists emerged to investigate spiritualist claims. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the religion. For the spiritualist doctrine of Allan Kardec, see Spiritism.
For the general concept of spiritual experiences, see Spirituality. For other uses of spiritualism, see Spiritualism disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. History Timeline. Christian Catholic Mysticism. Buddhist modernism New religious movement " Spiritual but not religious " Syncretism. Spiritual experience. Mystical experience Religious experience Spiritual practice. Spiritual development. Ego death Individuation Spiritual development Self-actualization. Other non-western. Animism Shamanism Totemism. Humanistic psychology Mindfulness Positive psychology Self-help Self-realization True self and false self.
Mystical psychosis Cognitive science of religion Neuroscience of religion Geschwind syndrome Evolutionary psychology of religion. Emanuel Swedenborg. Franz Mesmer. Frank Podmore , ca. Harry Price , Main article: Parapsychology.
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Spiritualism in Antebellum America. Religion in North America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Indiana University Press. New York: William Britten. Nanaimo, Canada: Geo. Spiritualist Manual 5 ed.https://protocnedcentwinfe.cf
Chicago, Illinois: Printing Products Corporation. Henry Holt and Company. The Headquarters Publishing Co. Oakland, California: University of California Press. A Republic of Mind and Spirit. Yale University Press. Sunny Press. SUNY See chapter 8. Stead and Spiritualism—The W. Stead Resource Site". Arthur C. Clarke's world of strange powers, Volume 3.
The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism. Herbert B.